Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine (osteochondrosis) is a degenerative-dystrophic lesion of the intervertebral discs, as a result of which the intervertebral discs themselves, vertebrae and joints of the cervical spine are damaged, a decrease in the height of the intervertebral discs is observed.
The disease progresses if left untreated and can lead to headaches, poor circulation and even a hernia.
Many people know firsthand how to treat osteochondrosis of the neck region - the disease is quite common. Women are particularly prone to this because their shoulder girdle is not as strong as men's due to the anatomical structure.
Features of cervical osteochondrosis
The neck is a very mobile and highly stressed part of the body (constant holding of the head). At the same time, the size of the vertebrae here is much smaller than in other parts of the spine. Large vessels that supply the brain pass through the neck, so circulatory disorders due to displacement of the vertebral structures and damage to the lumen of the vessels can lead to dizziness and headaches. In addition, there are many nerve endings here, the violation of which provokes strong painful sensations.
Methods of treating osteochondrosis of the neck region
How to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical spine? The main methods are the use of drugs, physiotherapy exercises, physical therapy and massage. Each of the methods is used at different stages of the disease in combination with the others or in isolation.
Treatment of the disease is most actively carried out with the help of drug therapy, the purpose of which is to relieve inflammation and spasms, relieve pain, restore blood microcirculation and improve cerebral circulation. The main drugs used to relieve muscle spasms and treat the inflammatory process are nonsteroidal muscle relaxants. Vasodilator drugs are used to improve blood flow. B vitamins are also prescribed, which improve metabolic processes and are involved in the synthesis of neurotransmitters.
Massage is prescribed if there is no exacerbation of the disease or if the state of health improves somewhat after taking medication.
Physiotherapy is also used – mainly amplipulse therapy and electrophoresis with novocaine in the neck area.
Exercise therapy and gymnastics are prescribed both in the acute stage in the form of static exercises, and when the symptoms of the disease subside, in order to strengthen the muscles and restore mobility of the neck region.
Is it possible to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical spine at home? Of course - yes, but home remedies are best combined with medicines prescribed by a doctor. Means of self-treatment include lying on special applicators, the use of warming liniments and compresses (with iodine, alcohol, mustard), warm baths with herbs.